Its capital, located along its southeastern coast, is Port Moresby. At the national level, after being ruled by three external powers sincePapua New Guinea established its sovereignty in It also became a member of the Commonwealth of Nations in its own right.
Papua New Guinea is one of the most culturally diverse countries in the world. As ofit is also the most rural, as only It is known to have numerous groups of uncontacted peoplesand researchers believe there are many undiscovered species of plants and animals in the interior.
Their social lives combine traditional religion with modern practices, including primary education. The word papua is derived from an old local term of uncertain origin. Inhe noted the resemblance of the people to those he had earlier seen along the Guinea coast of Africa. The name is one of several toponyms sharing similar etymologiesultimately meaning "land of the blacks" or similar meanings, in reference to the dark skin of the inhabitants.
Archaeological evidence indicates that humans first arrived in Papua New Guinea around 42, to 45, years ago. They were descendants of migrants out of Africa, in one of the early waves of human migration. Agriculture was independently developed in the New Guinea highlands around BC, making it one of the few areas in the world where people independently domesticated plants.
This has been correlated with the introduction of pottery, pigs, and certain fishing techniques. In the 18th century, traders brought the sweet potato to New Guinea, where it was adopted and became a staple food.
Atlas of Papua New Guinea
Portuguese traders had obtained it from South America and introduced it to the Moluccas. Sweet potato largely supplanted the previous staple, taroand resulted in a significant increase in population in the highlands.
Although by the late 20th century headhunting and cannibalism had been practically eradicated, in the past they were practised in many parts of the country as part of rituals related to warfare and taking in enemy spirits or powers. Traders from Southeast Asia had visited New Guinea beginning 5, years ago to collect bird-of-paradise plumes. The country's dual name results from its complex administrative history before independence. In the nineteenth century, Germany ruled the northern half of the country for some decades, beginning inas a colony named German New Guinea.
After the war, in which Germany and the Central Powers were defeated, the League of Nations authorised Australia to administer this area as a League of Nations mandate territory that became the Territory of New Guinea. The southern half of the country had been colonised in by the United Kingdom as British New Guinea. With the Papua Actthe UK transferred this territory to the newly formed Commonwealth of Australiawhich took on its administration. In contrast to establishing an Australian mandate in former German New Guinea, the League of Nations determined that Papua was an external territory of the Australian Commonwealth; as a matter of law it remained a British possession.
The difference in legal status meant that untilPapua and New Guinea had entirely separate administrations, both controlled by Australia.It is located in the southwestern Pacific Ocean, in a region defined since the early 19th century as Melanesia. Its capital, and one of its few major cities, is Port Moresby. It is one of the most diverse countries on Earth, with over indigenous languages and at least as many traditional societies, out of a population of just under 6 million.
It is also one of the most rural, with only 18 per cent of its people living in urban centres. The country is also one of the world's least explored, culturally and geographically, and many undiscovered species of plants and animals are thought to exist in the interior of Papua New Guinea. Papua Niugini em i wanpela kantri bilong Pasifik, long Kontinen Osenia. Kapitol na taun bikpela tumas bilong em i Pot Mosbi.
This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day Papua New Guinea, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day Papua New Guinea. Former dependencies and overseas territories Netherlands Antilles. Former disputed territories Tamil Eelam. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Wikimedia Commons Atlas of the World The Wikimedia Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons.
The other introductions are in English. Southern Highlands Province beforeincluding the newer Hela Province since Western Highlands Province beforeincluding the newer Jiwaka Province since The main page is therefore the portal to maps and cartography on Wikimedia.
That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references. Every entry has an introduction section in English. The text of the introduction s is based on the content of the Wikipedia encyclopedia. For sources of the introduction see therefore the Wikipedia entries linked to.
The same goes for the texts in the history sections. Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries. The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned. The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the Atlas of Turkey.
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Upload file Recent changes Latest files Random file Contact us. Add links. Papua New Guinea. Contents 1 General maps 2 Locator maps of subdivisions 2. Papua New Guinea Papua Niugini. Map of Papua New Guinea, with location of most important cities. Location map of the 22 provinces of Papua New Guineaincluding the capital district and the autonomous region of Bougainville since Location map of the 20 provinces of Papua New Guineaincluding the capital district and the autonomous region of Bougainville before Administrative map of Papua New Guineawith names of archipelagos, and the former subdivision into 20 provinces, including the capital district and the former province now an autonomous region of Bougainville Northern Solomons.
Topographic and administrative map of Papua New Guineawith names of archipelagos, and the former subdivision into 20 provinces, including the capital district and the former province now an autonomous region of Bougainville Northern Solomons.Papua New Guinea is an Oceanian country that occupies the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and its offshore islands in Melanesia, a region of the southwestern Pacific Ocean north of Australia.
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Papua New Guinea is a country in the western Pacific Ocean that includes the eastern half of the island of New Guinea as well as some neighboring islands. Papua's terrain consists mostly of mountains and rolling foothills covered with tropical rainforest, the New Guinea Highlands runs the length of the island of New Guinea. Dense rainforests can also be found in the coastal lowlands.
Papua lies on the Pacific Ring of Fire and has a number of active volcanoes with frequent eruptions. Earthquakes are relatively common, rarely accompanied by tsunamis. Papua's population counts about 7 million people UN est. Spoken languages are English officialTok Pisin an English-based Creoleand several hundred native Austronesian and Papuan languages.
Papua New Guinea was formed in from the administrative union of Papua, an Australian Territory sinceand the Trust Territory of New Guinea Northeast New Guineawhich was formerly under German control and an Australian trusteeship since Init became an independent state within the Commonwealth of Nations.
The map below is showing Papua New Guinea with international borders, provincial boundaries, the national capital, provincial capitals, major cities, main roads, railroads and major airports. You are free to use this map for educational purposes, please refer to the Nations Online Project. Papua New Guinea Provinces The primary administrative divisions of the country are 22 province-level divisions: twenty provinces, the Autonomous Region of Bougainville and the National Capital District.
One World - Nations Online all countries of the world. Source: UN Cartographic Section. Current Weather Conditions Port Moresby:. Related Consumer Information:. One World - Nations Online.Numerous smaller islands are located to the west and east. The eastern half of the island is the major land mass of the independent state of Papua New Guinea. The name Papua was used to refer to parts of the island before contact with the West.
Papua New Guinea Maps
Ploeg reports that the word papua is often said to be derived from the Malay word papua or pua-puameaning "frizzly-haired", referring to the highly curly hair of the inhabitants of these areas. When the Portuguese and Spanish explorers arrived in the island via the Spice Islandsthey also referred to the island as Papua.
They later used this name only to refer to islands off the north coast of Papua proper, the Schouten Islands or Biak Island. The name was promoted in by Marcus Kaisiepo,  brother of the future governor Frans Kaisiepo. It is taken from the Biak language of Biak Islandand means "to rise", or "rising spirit". Irian is the name used in the Biak language and other languages such as Serui, Merauke and Waropen. The name Irianwhich was originally favored by natives, is now considered to be a name imposed by the authority of Jakarta.
New Guinea is an island to the north of the Australian mainlandsouth of the equator. Sometimes considered to be the easternmost island of the Indonesian archipelagoit lies north of Australia's Top Endthe Gulf of Carpentaria and Cape York Peninsulaand west of the Bismarck Archipelago and the Solomon Islands archipelago. Politically, the western half of the island comprises two provinces of Indonesia : Papua and West Papua. The eastern half forms the mainland of the country of Papua New Guinea.
The shape of New Guinea is often compared to that of a bird-of-paradise indigenous to the islandand this results in the usual names for the two extremes of the island: the Bird's Head Peninsula in the northwest Vogelkop in Dutch, Kepala Burung in Indonesian; also known as the Doberai Peninsulaand the Bird's Tail Peninsula in the southeast also known as the Papuan Peninsula.
Map of Papua New Guinea
Except in high elevations, most areas possess a warm humid climate throughout the year, with some seasonal variation associated with the northeast monsoon season.
Another major habitat feature is the vast southern and northern lowlands. Stretching for hundreds of kilometres, these include lowland rainforests, extensive wetlands, savanna grasslands, and some of the largest expanses of mangrove forest in the world. The northern lowlands are drained principally by the Mamberamo River and its tributaries on the western side, and by the Sepik on the eastern side.
The more extensive southern lowlands are drained by a larger number of rivers, principally the Digul in the west and the Fly in the east. The largest island offshore, Dolaklies near the Digul estuary, separated by a strait so narrow it has been named a "creek".Papua New Guineaisland country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.
The islands that constitute Papua New Guinea were settled over a period of 40, years by the mixture of peoples who are generally referred to as Melanesians. Since the country achieved independence inone of its principal challenges has been the difficulty of governing many hundreds of diverseonce-isolated local societies as a viable single nation. Mainland Papua New Guinea reaches its maximum north-south expanse of some miles km along its western border with Indonesian Papua.
The low-lying plains of southern New Guinea are geologically part of the Australian Plate. Indeed, New Guinea was separated physically from Australia only some 8, years ago by the shallow flooding of the Torres Strait. The southern New Guinea plains, called the Fly-Digul shelf named for the Fly and Digul riversare geologically stable. Northward lies a belt of limestone country of varying width, most prominent in the Kikori River—Lake Kutubu area. This forms an extraordinarily harsh environment of jumbled karstdolines, rock towers, and seemingly endless ridges of jagged rock, all covered in virtually impenetrable lowland rainforest.
A mountainous zone called the Highlandsextending from the west to the southeast, occupies the central part of the island of New Guinea.
The Highlands also feature enclosed upland basins whose floors are usually at 4, feet 1, metres or higher.
The basins contain lake deposits, formed in the recent geologic past by impeded drainage; soil wash from the surrounding mountains; and layers of volcanic ash, or tephra, deposited from nearby volcanoessome of them recently active.
Such basins, therefore, are usually very fertile. The north coast of the mainland, unlike the swampy south coast, drops sharply to the sea. There the arc bifurcatesone arm sweeping northwestward through New Ireland and the Admiralty Islands, the other proceeding southeastward through Buka, Bougainville, and the country of Solomon Islands. Steeply sloping mountain areas, exceptionally heavy rainfallgeologic instability in all except the most southerly areas, and the rapid growth of both population and commercial enterprise have combined to create some of the highest soil- erosion rates in the world, rivaling those of the Himalaya region.
Consequently, while rivers are usually quite short in length, they carry extraordinarily high sediment loads, which have built up vast swampy plains and deltasespecially along the SepikRamuFly, and Purari river systems.
Once they leave the Highlands, often through spectacular gorges, such rivers meander slowly across the sediment plains. For example, some miles km from its mouth, the elevation of the Fly River is a mere 60 feet 18 metres above sea levelan average downhill gradient of only about 1. The high deposition rates create major problems for any proposed human use of those rivers, such as transportation or hydroelectricity generation. The northern volcanic fringe contains some of the most fertile soils of the islands.
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Click the Satellite for a satellite image; with the option to switch Labels names, borders, roads, business, etc. The "Pegman" symbol offers the switch to Google's street view, the degree, panoramic street-level imagery.
To enjoy street views, grab pegman with your cursor and hoover over the map, when street view is available parts of the map will change to blue, drop pegman there and you might have a lot of fun within unimaginable boring landscapes. Abot 6. Spoken languages are English officialTok Pisin, and several hundred native Austronesian and Papuan languages. Countries with international borders to Papua New Guinea are Indonesia. The map shows Papua New Guinea with cities, towns, main roads and streets.
To find a location use the form below. To view just the map, click on the "Map" button. To find a location type: street or place, city, optional: state, country. Current Weather Conditions Port Moresby:. Related Consumer Information:. Map Type Control Buttons ; To switch between various map types click on this buttons:. Click the Map button for a street map, this button holds the option for Terrainit displays a physical map with topographical details. Map Help [ show ].
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